Temperament and Its Four Types What is temperament?
The Choleric temperament has three combinations: Choleric-Sanguine, Choleric-Phlegmatic, and Choleric-Melancholy. The Choleric is the least occurring of the four temperaments, and a female Choleric is extremely rare. The Open Four Temperaments Scales were developed in by Eric Jorgenson using surveys of individuals who knew of the four temperaments and identified as one, and selecting items that reliably predicted self-identification. Following is a brief description of each of the four temperaments or personalities — at the end of each description I have listed the two primary characteristics for that temperament. By identify-ing the two temperaments that best describe who you are as a person, you should be able to identify your “strongest characteristic” — be it predominantly extroversion, introversion, organizational, or relational.
The idea of the four temperaments traces back to the Ancient Greek medical theory of the four humours, which held that there were four fundamental bodily humours blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm and that illness was caused by an imbalance in these. The terms sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic were coined by the Greek physician Aelius Galenus to describe the effect of the humours on personality.
The four temperaments have not been a part of medicine or psychology for a hundred years, but remain popular in the writings of several prominent self-help and spirituality authors and the idea remains relatively well known.
The Open Four Temperaments Scales were developed in by Eric Jorgenson using surveys of individuals who knew of the four temperaments and identified as one, and selecting items that reliably predicted self-identification. It should take most people about five minutes to complete. You use of this assessment should be for educational or entertainment purposes only.
This is not psychological advice of any kind. Additionally, your responses to this questionnaire will be anonymously saved and possibly used for research or otherwise distributed.Temperament is a configuration of observable personality traits, such as habits of communication, patterns of action, and sets of characteristic attitudes, values, and talents.
It also encompasses personal needs, the kinds of contributions that individuals make in . The Four Temperaments.
Some of the most important recent work done in the field on Personality Typing has been done by David Keirsey, who has created the theory of temperament associated with type. In his research, he has made observations that have allowed him to combine two of the four sets of preferences, into four distinct temperament categories.
Personality Types Frequency Each person is considered to possess a unique blend of the four and this is exactly the answer you get in this four temperaments personality test.
The Four Temperaments theories originate in the Four Humors ancient concept of Hippocrates that suggests that four bodily fluids influence human traits and behaviors.
Temperament and Its Four Types What is temperament? Temperament is a set of individual human peculiarities that characterize the emotional and dynamic aspect of a .
The Open Four Temperaments Scales were developed in by Eric Jorgenson using surveys of individuals who knew of the four temperaments and identified as one, and selecting items that reliably predicted self-identification. Although Jung’s (or Myer Briggs personality types) were based on a completely different typing system, description of their 16 types is very similar to four basic types (four pure temperaments) and 12 mixed temperaments (see below).