In Sydney Symphony Orchestra conductor Eugene Goossens suggested that the city should have an opera house. An international contest to design the building was won by Danish architect Joern Utzon. The Queen opened the Opera House in
Bennelong Point with tram depot in the s top left-hand side of photograph Construction progress in Planning began in the late s, when Eugene Goossensthe Director of the NSW State Conservatorium of Musiclobbied for a suitable venue for large theatrical productions.
The normal venue for such productions, the Sydney Town Hallwas not considered large enough. It was also Goossens who insisted that Bennelong Point be the site: The criteria specified a large hall seating 3, and a small hall for 1, people, each to be designed for different uses, including full-scale operas, orchestral and choral concerts, mass meetings, lectures, ballet performances, and other presentations.
According to legend the Utzon design was rescued by noted Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen from a final cut of 30 "rejects". The grand prize was 5, Australian pounds. There is no doubt that the Sydney Opera House is his masterpiece. It is one of the great iconic buildings of the 20th century, an image of great beauty that has become known throughout the world — a symbol for not only a city, but a whole country and continent.
Design and construction[ edit ] The Fort Macquarie Tram Depotoccupying the site at the time of these plans, was demolished in and construction began in March It was built in three stages: However, Utzon had still not completed the final designs.
Major structural issues still remained unresolved. By 23 Januarywork was running 47 weeks behind,  mainly because of unexpected difficulties inclement weather, unexpected difficulty diverting stormwater, construction beginning before proper construction drawings had been prepared, changes of original contract documents.
Work on the podium was finally completed in February The forced early start led to significant later problems, not least of which was the fact that the podium columns were not strong enough to support the roof structure, and had to be re-built. Roof[ edit ] Further information: Mathematics and art Construction progress in The shells of the competition entry were originally of undefined geometry,  but, early in the design process, the "shells" were perceived as a series of parabolas supported by precast concrete ribs.
However, engineers Ove Arup and Partners were unable to find an acceptable solution to constructing them. The formwork for using in-situ concrete would have been prohibitively expensive, and, because there was no repetition in any of the roof forms, the construction of precast concrete for each individual section would possibly have been even more expensive.
Sydney Opera House shell ribs The glazed ceramic tiles of the Sydney Opera House From tothe design team went through at least 12 iterations of the form of the shells trying to find an economically acceptable form including schemes with parabolas, circular ribs and ellipsoids before a workable solution was completed.
The design work on the shells involved one of the earliest uses of computers in structural analysisto understand the complex forces to which the shells would be subjected. The pins in the arches were surveyed at the end of each day, and the information was entered into the computer so the next arch could be properly placed the following day.
In mid, the design team found a solution to the problem: This solution allows arches of varying length to be cast in a common mould, and a number of arch segments of common length to be placed adjacent to one another, to form a spherical section. With whom exactly this solution originated has been the subject of some controversy.
It was originally credited to Utzon.
The design of the roof was tested on scale models in wind tunnels at University of Southampton and later NPL in order to establish the wind-pressure distribution around the roof shape in very high winds, which helped in the design of the roof tiles and their fixtures.
Hornibrook manufactured the precast ribs and roof panels in an on-site factory and also developed the construction processes. Ove Arup and Partners' site engineer supervised the construction of the shells, which used an innovative adjustable steel-trussed "erection arch" to support the different roofs before completion.
On 6 Aprilit was estimated that the Opera House would be completed between August and March Experience the wonder of the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House on a guided tour. You’ll explore the famous building and its ingenious shape, and you can also savour delicious food and enjoy world-class performances.
Joan Sutherland Theatre, Sydney Opera House In the colourful streets of a colonial city, Carmen is a red hot spark. She sings her siren song, and suddenly, Don José's world is alight with a volatile fire. The official YouTube channel of Sydney Opera House — an Australian icon and one of the busiest performing arts centres in the world.
Here you will find exclu Views: With over 40 shows a week at the Sydney Opera House there's something for everyone.
Events, tours, kids activities, food and drink - find out what's on and get tickets. Find upcoming events, concerts, shows and experiences at Sydney Opera House. TIP: Use the filter button or "edit" link to filter by date, genre and venue.
Sydney Opera House Leave the crowds behind as you enter the Sydney Opera House. Enjoy drinks or a wonderful meal overlooking Sydney Harbour as you count down to the festival of fire, watching the romantic La Bohème or The Opera Gala concert.