Learning Objectives Explain where, when, and why a new life stage of emerging adulthood appeared over the past half-century.
Terminology[ edit ] Coined by psychology professor Jeffrey Arnett, emerging adulthood has been known variously as "transition age youth",   "delayed adulthood",  "extended adolescence", "youthhood",  "adultolescence",  and "the twixter years".
This is because people in this age group in the United States typically live at home with their parents, are undergoing pubertal changes, attend middle schools and high schools and are involved in a "school-based peer culture".
All of these characteristics are no longer normative Jeffrey arnetts theory of emerging adulthood the age of 18, and it is, therefore, considered inappropriate to call young adults "adolescence" or "late adolescence". Furthermore, in the United States, the age of 18 is the age at which people are able to legally vote and citizens are granted full rights upon turning 21 years of age.
Emerging adults are still in the process of obtaining an education, are unmarried, and are childless. By age thirty, most of these individuals do see themselves as adults, based on the belief that they have more fully formed "individualistic qualities of character" such as self-responsibility, financial independence, and independence in decision-making.
The process of identity formation emerges in adolescence but mostly takes place in emerging adulthood. Regarding love, although adolescents in the United States usually begin dating between ages 12 and 14, they usually view this dating as recreational.
It is not until emerging adulthood that identity formation in love becomes more serious. Because emerging adults have the possibility of having numerous work experiences, they are able to figure out what type of work they are good at as well find what type of work they want to pursue for the rest of their life.
However, emerging adults who have attended college or university have been exposed to and have considered different worldviews, and eventually commit to a worldview that is distinct from the worldview with which they were raised by the end of their college or university career.
Regarding residential status, emerging adults in the United States have very diverse living situations. Some emerging adults end up moving back home after college graduation, which tests the demographic of dependency.
During college, they may be completely independent, but that could quickly change afterwards when they are trying to find a full-time job with little direction on where to start their career. Biological changes[ edit ] Emerging adulthood and adolescence differ significantly with regard to puberty and hormonal development.
Emerging adults have reached a stage of full hormonal maturity and are fully, physically equipped for sexual reproduction. Emerging adulthood is usually thought of as a time of peak physical health and performance as individuals are usually less susceptible to disease and more physically agile during this period than later stages of adulthood.
However, emerging adults are generally more likely to contract sexually transmitted infectionsas well as to adopt unhealthy behavioral patterns and lifestyle choices.
Many connections within the brain are strengthened and those that are unused are pruned away. Areas of the brain used for planning and for processing risk and rewards also undergo important developments during this stage.
This is due to the fact that they make fewer impulsive decisions and rely more on planning and evaluating of situations. While brain structures continue to develop during emerging adulthood, the cognition of emerging adults is an area that receives the majority of attention.
Arnett explains, "Emerging adulthood is a critical stage for the emergence of complex forms of thinking required in complex societies. At this stage, emerging adults often decide on a particular worldview and are able to recognize that other perspectives exist and are valid as well.
Abnormal development[ edit ] Much research has been directed at studying the onset of lifetime DSM disorders to dispel the common thought that most disorders begin earlier in life. Because of this reasoning, many people that show signs of disorders do not seek help due to its stigmatization.
The research shows that those with various disorders will not feel symptoms until emerging adulthood. Most onsets at this age will not be, or become, comorbid.
The median onset interquartile range of substance use disorders is 18—27, while the median onset age is The median onset age of mood disorders is Often, patients will not seek help until several years of symptoms have passed, if at all.What is emerging adulthood? In , Jefferey Jensen Arnett first introduced the term “Emerging Adulthood”.
In , Jefferey Jensen Arnett reviewed Human Development, providing an analysis that shows that an individual’s transition into adulthood is a process extending over several lausannecongress2018.com again, Arnett introduced the term Emerging Adulthood.
“Emerging adulthood is a time of life when a lot of important turning points are reached, so it’s endlessly dramatic and fascinating.
Developmental Psychology Developmental psychologists focus on human growth and changes in development across the lifespan, including physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, perceptual, personality and. Emerging Adulthood The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties.
Second Edition. Jeffrey Jensen Arnett. Arnett launched the field of emerging adulthood with the first edition of this book. Jeffrey Arnett is a Professor in the Department of Psychology at Clark University in Massachusetts. His main research interest is in "emerging adulthood," which means from the ages of 18 to Jeffrey Arnetts Theory's: Emerging Adulthood They are 3 main focuses on finding ones identity during time Love (romantic relationships may last longer and sexual intercourse may be included.
Emerging Adulthood: the Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties Preface and Chapter 1» Jeffrey Jensen Arnett is Research Professor of Psychology at Clark University in .