In a sense, at least to American sensibilities, the Automobile was created by an American Henry Fordperfected by an American Ford as welland designed for the wide open spaces in the United States. To most Americans, the automobile symbolized something far more than transportation or movement from point A to B.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. History of the automobile Unlike many other major inventions, the original idea of the automobile cannot be attributed to a single individual.
Leonardo da Vinci considered the idea of a self-propelled vehicle in the 15th century. In a Swiss clergyman, J. Genevois, suggested mounting small windmills on a cartlike vehicle, their power to be used to wind springs that would move the road wheel.
Two-masted wind carriages were running in the Netherlands inand a speed of 20 miles 30 km per hour with a load of 28 passengers was claimed for at least one of them. Other inventors considered the possibilities of clockwork. Probably in a carriage propelled by a large clockwork engine was demonstrated in Paris by the versatile inventor Jacques de Vaucanson.
The air engine is thought to have originated with a 17th-century German physicist, Otto von Guericke. Guericke invented an air pump and was probably the first to make metal pistons, cylinders, and connecting rods, the basic components of the reciprocating engine.
In the 17th century a Dutch inventor, Christiaan Huygensproduced an engine that worked by air pressure developed by explosion of a powder charge.
Denis Papin of France built a model engine on the vacuum principle, using the condensation of steam to produce the vacuum. An air engine was patented in England inand a grid of compressor stations was proposed to service vehicles. An air-powered vehicle is said to have been produced in Steam propulsion was proposed as early as the 16th century, and in Ferdinand Verbiesta Belgian Jesuit missionary to China, made a model steam carriage based on a principle suggestive of the modern turbine.
In the 18th century a French scientist, Philippe Lebonpatented a coal-gas engine and made the first suggestion of electrical ignition. In Paris, Isaac de Rivas made a gas-powered vehicle in ; his engine used hydrogen gas as fuel, the valves and ignition were operated by hand, and the timing problem appears to have been difficult.
The age of steam Most historians agree that Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot of France was the constructor of the first true automobile. Cugnot was an artillery officer, and the more or less steam-tight pistons of his engine were made possible by the invention of a drill that accurately machined cannon bores.
Because of the heavy weight of the steam chamber in the front, it had a tendency to tip over when not hauling cannons, which was what it was designed to do. Steam buses were running in Paris about Oliver Evans of Philadelphia ran an amphibious steam dredge through the streets of that city in Less well-known were Nathan Read of Salem, Massachusetts, and Apollos Kinsley of Hartford, Connecticut, both of whom ran steam vehicles during the period — In March the magazine Scientific American described tests of a vehicle that weighed only pounds about kg and achieved a speed of 20 miles 30 km per hour.
Another American, Frank Curtis of Newburyport, Massachusetts, is remembered for building a personal steam carriage to the order of a Boston man who failed to meet the payment schedule, whereupon Curtis made the first recorded repossession of a motor vehicle.
English inventors were active, and by the s the manufacture and use of steam road carriages was flourishing. Watt was opposed to the use of steam engines for such purposes; his low-pressure steam engine would have been too bulky for road use in any case, and all the British efforts in steam derived from the earlier researches of Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen.
Sir Goldsworthy Gurneythe first commercially successful steam carriage builder, based his design upon an unusually efficient boiler.The following is a partial list of successful Project Topics and the formats they were presented in.
History and Research Paper, music, lyrics. VRABE Senior Project Course Teacher/Student Distribution Howard Hughes Poster Boar d, Scrapbook, Research Paper The History of the Automobile PowerPoint Psychology Rape Research Paper. Research Papers on Technology in the Automobile Industry Technology in the Automobile Industry research papers look at safety, technology and how technology has helped cars drive safer.
The automobile industry, like almost all industries, is significantly impacted by technology. This sample Automobile Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. If you want to buy a high quality research paper on history topics at affordable price please use . As your research paper takes shape you will find that you need background on people, places, events, etc.
Do not just rely on some general survey for all of your background. Check the several good dictionaries of biography for background on people, or see if there is a standard book-length biography. History of Automobiles Automobiles also known as Cars, Trucks and SUV’s are a very important part of our everyday lives.
Automobiles have been around a lot longer than most people think. In Europe, automobiles date back to as early as the late ’s. European engineers began thinking of developing the first automobile to make life easier. By the . The History of Automobile Audio Essay - The history of automobile audio dates back to the early s.
George Frost did the earliest car audio experimentation in