Introduction to geopolitics 3rd ed. What is a State?
State polity or sovereign state: Depending on the meaning of "nation" used, the term " nation state " could be used to distinguish larger states from small city statesor could be used to distinguish multinational states from those with a single ethnic group.
Medieval nations[ edit ] In her book Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe —, Susan Reynolds argues that many European medieval kingdoms were nations in the modern sense except that political participation in nationalism was available only to a limited prosperous and literate class.
Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism, Adrian Hastings argues that England's Anglo Saxon kings mobilized mass nationalism in their struggle to repel Norse invasions. Hastings argues that Alfred the Greatin particular, drew on biblical nationalismusing biblical language in his law code and that during his reign selected books of the Bible were translated into Old English to inspire Englishmen to fight to turn back the Norse invaders.
Hastings argues for a strong renewal of English nationalism following a hiatus after the Norman conquest beginning with the translation of the complete bible into English by the Wycliffe circle in the sarguing that English nationalism and the English nation have been continuous since that time.
The purpose of the document was to demonstrate to the Pope that Scotland was indeed a nation of its own, with its own unique culture, history and language and that it was indeed an older nation than England.
The document went on to justify the actions of Robert the Bruce and his forces in resisting the occupation and to chastise the English for having violated Scottish sovereignty without justification. The propaganda campaign supplemented a military campaign on the part of the Bruce, which after the Battle of Bannockburn was successful and eventually resulted in the end of England's occupation and recognition of Scottish independence on the part of the English crown.
The document is widely seen as an early example of both Scottish nationalism and popular sovereignty.
Nation university A significant early use of the term nation, as natio, occurred at Medieval universities  to describe the colleagues in a college or students, above all at the University of Pariswho were all born within a pays, spoke the same language and expected to be ruled by their own familiar law.
In andwhile studying theology at Paris, Jean Gerson was elected twice as a procurator for the French natio. The University of Prague adopted the division of students into nationes: In a similar way, the nationes were segregated by the Knights Hospitaller of Jerusalemwho maintained at Rhodes the hostels from which they took their name "where foreigners eat and have their places of meeting, each nation apart from the others, and a Knight has charge of each one of these hostels, and provides for the necessities of the inmates according to their religion", as the Spanish traveller Pedro Tafur noted in Nation state In his article, "The Mosaic Moment: Gorski argues that the first modern nation was the Dutch Republiccreated by a fully modern political nationalism rooted in the model of biblical nationalism.
Smith in his books, Chosen Peoples: The German tradition was conceptualized as originating with early 19th-century philosophers, like Johann Gottlieb Fichteand referred to people sharing a common language, religion, culture, history, and ethnic originsthat differentiate them from people of other nations.
It was understood as being centered in a willingness to "live together", this producing a nation that results from an act of affirmation. According to some of these studies, it seems that the State often plays a significant role, and communications, particularly of economic content, also have a high significance.
According to political scientist Samuel P. Huntingtonpeople's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post— Cold War world. The theory was originally formulated in a lecture  at the American Enterprise Institutewhich was then developed in a Foreign Affairs article titled "The Clash of Civilizations?
Huntington began his thinking by surveying the diverse theories about the nature of global politics in the post— Cold War period. Some theorists and writers argued that human rightsliberal democracy and capitalist free market economics had become the only remaining ideological alternative for nations in the post—Cold War world.
Huntington believed that while the age of ideology had ended, the world had reverted only to a normal state of affairs characterized by cultural conflict. In his thesis, he argued that the primary axis of conflict in the future will be along cultural and religious lines.
Postnationalism is the process or trend by which nation states and national identities lose their importance relative to supranational and global entities. Several factors contribute to its aspects including economic globalizationa rise in importance of multinational corporationsthe internationalization of financial markets, the transfer of socio-political power from national authorities to supernational entities, such as multinational corporations, the United Nations and the European Union and the advent of new information and culture technologies such as the Internet.
However attachment to citizenship and national identities often remains important.Introduce definition, to present (a person) to another so as to make acquainted. See more. Introduce is the ordinary term, referring to making persons acquainted who are ostensibly equals: back-formation from introduction, or else from Latin introducere "to lead in, bring in" (see introduction).
What is a nation? The concept seems an ill-defined one. Indeed, to the layman's mind, the concept certainly implies a number of attributes that, to a more stringent definition, were better applied to that other, slightly less nebulous (but still far from exact) term, the state. A nation is a large group of people with strong bonds of identity - an "imagined community," a tribe on a grand scale.
The nation may have a claim to statehood or self-rule, but it does not necessarily enjoy a state of its own. KJV Dictionary Definition: nation nation. NATION, n. to be born.
1. A body of people inhabiting the same country, or united under the same sovereign or government; as the English nation; the French nation. Introduction, foreword, preface refer to material given at the front of a book to explain or introduce it to the reader.
A foreword is part of the front matter and is usually written by someone other than the author, often an authority on the subject of the book. Nation-Station: Challenges of Definition. The concept of a nation-state is notoriously difficult to define.
Anthony Smith, one of the most influential scholars of nation-states and nationalism, argued that a state is a nation-state only if and when a single ethnic and cultural population inhabits the boundaries of a state, and the boundaries of that state are coextensive with the boundaries of.