Stained Glass Chartres Cathedral The Chartres Cathedral is probably the finest example of French Gothic architecture and said by some to be the most beautiful cathedral in France. The Chartres Cathedral is a milestone in the development of Western architecture because it employs all the structural elements of the new Gothic architecture:
Stained Glass Chartres Cathedral After The damage inflicted by the fire of is hard to assess today, although contemporary chroniclers indicated that it was total.
It is possible that the wooden roof of the nave burnt, rather as in the choir of Canterbury Cathedral inbut at Chartres the opportunity was taken to build a brand new cathedral on the old foundations.
There was, however, a considerable but concealed element of continuity, which can be detected in the persistence of particular dimensions, perhaps even in the general character of the elevation.
These imposed restraints on the Gothic architect and weighted the scales in favour of certain possibilities put to him, facts that have been obscured by the common opinion that Chartres opened a new era in the history of Gothic architecture.
In Chartres was geographically some distance away from the main centres of architectural activity and stylistic research. It was on the wrong side of Paris, and its connections with the Loire Valley, which had contributed much to the 12th-century campaigns, were no longer much use as a source of inspiration.
Notre Dame Cathedral is an impressive work of art which uses all the new technologies in displaying one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture. The facade of the cathedral is high and well decorated. The Chartres Cathedral is probably the finest example of French Gothic architecture and said by some to be the most beautiful cathedral in France. The Chartres Cathedral is a milestone in the development of Western architecture because it employs all the structural elements of the new Gothic architecture: the pointed arch; the rib-and-panel. Gothic Art is a marble statue created in the early 14th century. The statue was commissioned for, and stands in the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. This art piece is an example of the court style in Late Gothic sculpture. One of the main characteristics of Gothic sculpture was elegance.
In the past this isolation gave rise to some serious scholarly misconceptions. Chartres was often treated as though it had no antecedents but was the result of a superhuman feat of imagination the myth in its art-historical form ; in fact, it emerged almost inevitably out of developments taking place in the regions of Laon and Soissons.
Chartres belongs to the category of three-storey churches that included several churches at Laon, Soissons and Braisne, which might be described as Laon Cathedral with the gallery omitted. The distinctive feature is the triforium; otherwise the formula was common throughout the 12th century for middle-order churches e.
Even among churches of the largest category the four-storey elevation was in fashion for a comparatively short period of time. Where Chartres broke new ground was in simultaneously increasing the scale and reducing the number of storeys.
The debt to Laon Cathedral is most apparent in the vicinity of the transept, which is the only modification to the inherited plan. The 12th-century addition became part of the nave and the whole extension was treated as four bays for vaulting purposes.
Originally there was to have been a crossing tower, as at Laon, but this was abandoned before it was built. The feature that distinguished the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres from both its own predecessor at Chartres and its immediate antecedents elsewhere was the huge glass-casket type of clerestory.
To ensure the stability of this daring innovation, flying buttresses had to be used as they had never been used before, and Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-Le-Duc found at Chartres the first canonical embodiment of his definition of Gothic architecture as the conjunction of pointed arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses.
Such a technical appreciation was valid but perverse. It is true that by comparison with a cathedral such as Laon, Chartres is a monumental simplification, but the structural dexterity that made it possible was not something exploited for its own sake.
Although strictly speaking a separate entity, the triforium hardly obtrudes. In view of the apparently deliberate reuse of dimensions from the old building, it is reasonable to suppose that some attention was given to evoking further recollections of it when decisions were made about the general aspect of the new.
The primary purpose of the exercise, however, was far more definite. The elevation is almost entirely occupied by two rows of enormous windows. The architecture is nothing but a frame for displays of stained glass.
No light is admitted into the building without being filtered through colour, and the effect succeeds because every window in the church is fully glazed with the same type of glass. How long it took medieval church designers to discover that this was the essential condition of making the translucence of stained glass effective is not known; but Chartres is the only existing great church where the idea has been allowed to take charge, and there cannot have been many previous examples.
The 12th-century cathedral may have been one of them. It was possible to design such a church only if it were known in advance that every window was paid for. The list of sponsors should have been fully subscribed before the architect was allowed to go ahead with such a revolutionary project.
The result remains to this day quite stunning. There is nothing quite like Chartres, partly because of the sheer quantity of glass, partly because of its special tonal quality.
The price paid for this achievement was considerable. The masonry of Chartres is not noted for its finish. The crocket capitals are crude, and it is charitable to assume that they were not expected to be visible in the darkened interior. The structure, as befits a daring experiment, erred on the side of caution.
The arcades carry much unnecessary weight, and the building is over-buttressed, especially along the nave. Later buildings refined these qualities. Although French cathedrals were never the same after Chartres, none of them has its robust, strictly functional style of architecture.
The design may have been adventurous, but it was quickly executed.Development of Gothic Sculpture: The exterior of Gothic cathedrals from the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis to Reims cathedral are elaborately decorated with sculptures, with portals and jambs filled with life-size figures of kings, saints, angels, and apostles.
By the s, Gothic sculptors took a revolutionary step beyond their Romanesque predecessors in their conception of the freestanding. The Gothic art was initially developed as a different style of architecture in the North of France.
They also highlight these new elements in the reconstruction works of the Cathedral of Chartres after the fire, carrying out for a long period of time the reconstruction work using the Gothic style.
It is an interesting example of how was. Notre Dame de Paris is probably the most famous Gothic cathedral in the world and a striking example from the early Gothic period. All content and photography unless specifically noted is the property of EuroTravelogue™. Unauthorized use is prohibited.
Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the midth century to as late as the end of the 16th Among the finest examples of the Perpendicular Gothic style are Gloucester Cathedral (14th–15th centuries) and King’s College Chapel, Cambridge (–).
Chartres Cathedral: Royal Portal Right door of the Royal Portal. Gothic and Renassaince. Chartres Cathedral. The biblical kings and queensof the Royal Portal are the royal ancestors of Christ. These Early-Gothic statue columns show the first signs of new naturalism in European sculpture.
flying buttresses. Gothic Art & Architecture. The Chartres Cathedral is probably the finest example of French Gothic architecture and said by some to be the most beautiful cathedral in France. The Chartres Cathedral is a milestone in the development of Western architecture because it employs all the structural elements of the new Gothic architecture: the pointed arch; the rib-and-panel.