The term reflected the combination of outward wealth and dazzle with inner corruption and poverty. They stress greed, scandals, and corruption of the Gilded Age. They set in motion developments that would shape the country for generations—the reunification of the South and North, the integration of four million newly freed African Americans, westward expansion, immigration, industrialization, urbanization. It was also a period of reform, in which many Americans sought to regulate corporations and shape the changes taking place all around them.
It is the largest reservation-based Indian nation within the United States, both in land area and population. More thanNavajos live on the 24, square miles of the Navajo Nation. Navajos lived too far from the colonists, who were concentrated in the upper Rio Grande Valley, to be subjected to the disruption of their lives that the Pueblos suffered at the hands of the Spanish.
At times the Navajos were allied with the Spanish against other Indians, principally the Utes; other times the Spanish joined forces with the Utes and fought the Navajos.
For the Navajos, the most important by-product of Spanish colonization in New Mexico was the introduction of horses and sheep; the smooth, long-staple, non-oily wool of the Spanish churro sheep would prove ideal for weaving. When the United States claimed that it had acquired an interest in Navajo land by virtue of having won a war with Mexico inthe Navajos were not particularly impressed.
But when the U. Army arrived in force at the conclusion of the American Civil War, matters took a grim turn for the Navajo. In the army's scorched-earth campaign, led by Colonel Kit Carson, the Navajo homeland was devastated.
Half of the Navajos, demoralized and starving, surrendered to the army and were marched miles to the Bosque Redondo concentration camp on the Pecos River, where many of them died—2, of them in one year alone from smallpox.
After four years of imprisonment they were allowed to return to their homeland innow reduced to one-tenth its original size by treaty that same year. They began rebuilding their lives and their herds, virtually unnoticed in an area that most Americans considered worthless desert wasteland.
In both the and census, Arizona and New Mexico ranked third and fourth, respectively, for the largest number of Native American residents within each state. The Navajo Nation comprises approximately 16 million acres, mostly in northeastern Arizona, but including portions of northwestern New Mexico and southeastern Utah.
It is a land of vast spaces and only a few all-weather roads. Eighty-eight percent of the reservation is without telephone service and many areas do not have electricity. The local unit of Navajo government is called the Chapter.
There are more than one hundred Chapter Houses throughout the nation, which serve as local administrative centers for geographical regions.
Although the United States was a land of dreams for immigrants, in real life it could be something else: their reception and final deportation was, to many immigrants, a nightmare. The rise of industrial America, the dominance of wage labor, and the growth of cities represented perhaps the greatest changes of the period. Few Americans at the end of the Civil War had anticipated the rapid rise of American industry. History of the United States. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search "American history" redirects here. For the history of the continents, see History of the Americas.
Before the tribal elections, the tribal council system of government was reorganized into executive, legislative, and judicial branches. In Navajos elected a tribal president for the first time, rather than a tribal chairman.
The Navajo reservation, as created by treaty inencompassed only about ten percent of the ancestral Navajo homeland. The land base soon tripled in size, largely by the addition of large blocks of land by executive orders of presidents of the United States during the late nineteenth century, when Americans still considered most of the desert Southwest to be undesirable land.After the colonies revolted against Great Britain and established the United States of America, President George Washington, and Henry Knox conceived of the idea of "civilizing" Native Americans in preparation for United States citizenship. Assimilation (whether voluntary as with the Choctaw, or forced) became a consistent policy through American administrations.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.. Freud first used the term psychoanalysis . The music of the United States can be characterized by the use of syncopation and asymmetrical rhythms, long, irregular melodies, which are said to "reflect the wide open geography of (the American landscape)" and the "sense of personal freedom characteristic of American life".
Some distinct aspects of American music, like the call . On April 6, , the United States entered World War I by declaring war on Germany. After nearly years of protests, demonstrations, and sit-ins, women of the United States were officially granted the right to vote after the 19th Amendment was ratified on August 26, The rise of industrial America, the dominance of wage labor, and the growth of cities represented perhaps the greatest changes of the period.
Few Americans at the end of the Civil War had anticipated the rapid rise of American industry. United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S. or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the .